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PEP人教版小学六年级英语下册复习资料
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最新PEP人教版小学六年级下册总结

Unit 1 How Tall Are You?

【词汇考点】

talltaller更高的       longlonger 更长的          shortshorter更矮的 

heavyheavier更重的      thinthinner更瘦的       strongstronger 更强壮的 

bigbigger更大的       smallsmaller更小的       

oldolder 年龄更大的     youngyounger 更年轻的  

【语法考点】  时态:比较级在一般现在时中的运用

.形容词比较级和最高级的变形规则

 1.一般单音节词和少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词,比较级在后面加-er,最高级在后面加-est
  (1)单音节词
       如:smallsmallersmallest shortshortershortest talltallertallest   

2)双音节词
       如:clevercleverercleverest narrownarrowernarrowest 
 2.以不发音e结尾的单音节词,比较在原级后加-r,最高级在原级后加-st
  如:largelargerlargest   nicenicernicest    ableablerablest
 3.在重读闭音节(即:辅音+元音+辅音)中,先双写末尾的辅音字母,比较级加-er,最高级加-est
   如:bigbiggerbiggest  hothotterhottest  fatfatterfattest
 4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词, y改为i,比较级加-er,最高级加-est
   如:easyeasiereasiest    heavyheavierheaviest 

     busybusierbusiest     happyhappierhappiest
 5.其他双音节词和多音节词,比较级在前面加more,最高级在前面加most
  如:beautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful
      differentmore differentmost different 
      easilymore easilymost easily
   注意:(1)形容词最高级前通常必须用定冠词 the,副词最高级前可不用.
         例句: The Saharais the biggest desert in the world. 
       2)形容词most前面没有the,不表示最高级的含义,只表示"非常". 
          It is a most important problem. 
          =It is a very important problem. 
  6.有少数形容词、副词的比较级和最高级是不规则的,必须熟记.
     如:goodbetterbest wellbetterbest   badworseworst illworseworst
        oldolder/elderoldest/eldest       many/muchmoremost littlelessleast 
        farfurther/farther furthest/farthest

.重点句型

1. How 引导的特殊疑问句,来谈论对方的身体情况:

   --- How + (高、矮、胖、瘦等与身体有关的)形容词 + are you?

   --- I'm + 与身体有关的具体数值+单位

  例:  A: How tall are you?     

        B: I'm164 cmtall.

2. 比较级,用来对自己和他人的身体特征进行比较:

   --- You are + 形容词的比较级 + than me.

   --- I'm + 形容词的比较级 + than you.

  例: I'm thinner than you.   

       My hands are bigger than yours.

注意:比较的两者必须是同类的。

Unit 2  Last Weekend

【词汇考点】

stayed at home 呆在家里 (stay -stayed 停留;待)   watched TV 看电视(Watch - watched 看)

washed ones clothes 洗衣服(wash-washed 洗)      clean ones room打扫房间(clean-cleaned 打扫)

read a book 读书(readcutput 无变形)             had a cold感冒(have/has---- had有,使,吃..         

【语法考点】  时态:一般过去时

.一般过去时的定义:

一般过去时是表示过去经常或偶然发生的动作或存在的状态的时态.常与过去时间yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before , when clause, in the past连用。

如:I was there a moment ago. 刚才我在那儿。

  What did you do yesterday? 昨天你干了什么?

  I met Lin Tao this morning. 今天上午我会到了林涛。

.动词过去式规则变形

1、一般情况下,动词词尾加 -ed ,如:
   work ---worked play---played wanted----wanted act----acted
2
、以不发音的 -e 结尾动词,动词词尾加 -d,如:
   live---lived move----moved taste---tasted hope---hoped
3
、以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i 再加-ed,如:
   study---studied copy---copied cry---cried carry---carried
4
、以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加 -ed,如:
   stop ---stopped
5
、不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆。
   go
went  make made  get got  buy - bought  come - came  fly-flew

.重要句型

1.询问某人周末过得怎么样。

  --- How was your weekend

  ---It was fine ,thanks./ It was OK.

2. Did 引导的一般疑问句,就过去是否发生了某行为动作进行问答:

--- Did you + 动词原形?

--- Yes, I did. / No, I didn't.

 例:A: Did you read books?    

     B: Yes,I did.

3. What 引导的特殊疑问句,就过去已经发生的行为动作进行提问:

   --- What did you do + 过去时间?

   --- I/we + 动作(did.

  例:A: What did you do last weekend?  

      B: I/we Played football.

Unit3 Where did you go ?

【词汇考点】

gowent  went camping 去野营  went swimming 去游泳  went fishing 去钓鱼 went hiking 去郊游

ride-rode骑(马/自行车)  rode a horse 骑马   rode a bike 骑自行车  hurt ones foot 伤到脚

eat-ate   ate fresh food 吃新鲜事物  take-took  took pictures of......拍照

buy-bought  bought gifts 买礼物

【语法考点】一般过去时的特殊疑问句

 .句型类别

1)与陈述句的词序相同
  
①疑问词(who,what,which,whose)作主语
    Who was there?
谁在那儿?
  
②疑问词(what,which,whose)作定语用来修饰主语.
    Which book was his?
哪本书是他的?
2
)疑问词+般疑问句的词序
  1.

     Who was under the tree ?
谁在树下?

  2.去哪里

     Where did you go

  3.什么时候

     When did you go to Sonya

  4.做什么
     What were you Doing ?
你在干什么?

  5.方式

     How did you get there
  6.
谁的
     Whose bag was on the desk yesterday ?
昨天谁的包在桌子上?
  7.
年龄多大

      How old are you ? 你多大年纪了?

.重要句型

1.询问过去发生了什么事。

  what happened to sb./sth.?

2.询问对方身体状况.

  --Are you all right ?

  --I am feeling better now./ I am OK .

  --I am feeling even worse.

3.询问对方去过哪里.

  Where did you go ?

4.如何表达“某物看起来像...

  It looks like a mule

Unit 4    Then and now

【词汇考点】

Dining hall 饭厅   grass 草坪   gym 体育馆   cycling 骑自行车运动(或者活动) go cycling 去骑自行车

Ice-skate 滑冰  badminton 羽毛球运动  look up 查阅  wakewoke up 醒来

过去时间:

...years ago     ...months ago    last year    last month    at that time

【语法考点】一般现在时和一般过去时的对比

一般现在时:一般现在时表示现阶段发生的动作或状态,以及永恒不变的事实、真理和自然规律,

            常与时间状语today, every day, on Sunday, every morning等连用。

例如:What day is today ?                           We sometimes go to the park on Sunday.
          They ride bikes to school every day.             Spring returns in March.                           

      The sun is bigger than the moon .                He said spring returns in March..

一般过去时:一般过去时表示过去阶段发生的动作或状态,常与时间状语yesterday,last year, the day before

             yesterday , in 2001, this morning, five days ago等连用。 

     例如:What day was yesterday ?             We sometimes went to the park on Sunday last year .
           I lost my pen five days ago .            They rode bikes to school the day before yesterday.
 
重要句型      

1. 表示以前没有某物的句型。

  There was no +单数名词/不可数名词+过去时间。

      例:There was no library in my old school.

  There were no +复数名词+过去时间。

      例:There were no computers or Internet in my time.

2. 表示“不喜欢..”的句型    I didnt like+名词/动名词

  例:Before I didnt like beef.

  Before i didnt like going cycling.

3. 表示过去不能做或者不会做某事。  主语+could not+动词原形

 I could not use the Internet in my childhood.

4. 如何描述某人过去和现在的情况不一样

外貌和性格方面:Before+ was/were + 形容词.now 主语 + is/are + 形容词

                Before he didnt wear glasses. Now he wears glasses.

能力方面:Before, 主语+couldnt +动词原形. Now, 主语+can +动词原形.

                Before I couldnt swim. Now I can swim very well.

 爱好方面:Before, 主语+didnt like +名词 / 动词ing. Now,主语+like +名词/动名词

                Before he didnt like reading books,now he likes reading books.

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tony

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